The Horned Sungem, scientifically named as Heliactin bilophus, is a one-of-a-kind hummingbird that can be found in South America. What sets it apart from other hummingbirds are the distinct horn-shaped feathers on its head, making it an eye-catching and exceptional bird species.
The South American regions of Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru are where you can spot the Horned Sungem. This beautiful bird typically dwells in the high-altitude forests of the Andes mountain range and relies on insects and flower nectar as its main source of food.
The unique and captivating attribute of the Horned Sungem is its reproductive behavior. The male Horned Sungem showcases an elaborate courtship display to attract a female partner. This involves hovering in front of the female and producing a distinct zzi sound by vibrating his wings and tail feathers.
The female Horned Sungem takes on the important task of building the nest, often using materials like moss and spiderwebs. Once the base is set, the nest is lined with soft materials such as feathers and plant fibres. The female then lays one or two eggs and incubates them for approximately two weeks.
Due to their specific habitat requirements and limited range, spotting a Horned Sungem in the wild is a rare occurrence. This bird is known for its lively and curious nature, which makes it a favorite among bird enthusiasts who often keep them in captivity.